Moscow Oblast is located between the Oka and Volga rivers. It borders on the Tula Region to the south, Kaluga Region to the southwest, Smolensk Region to the west, Tver Region to the northwest and north, Yaroslavl Region to the northeast, Vladimir Region to the north and northeast, and Ryazan Region to the southeast.
Natural resources include deposits of phosphate rock, ceramic clay and non-metallic materials. Extraction of peat; act Kashirskaya, Shatura power station.
The dominant economic activities of the region are: