The Republic of Ingushetia is a constituent entity of the Russian Federation. It is part of the North Caucasus Federal District and is part of the North Caucasus Economic Region. The capital is the city of Magas.
It borders on North Ossetia in the west, the Chechen Republic in the east, and the Mtskheta — Mtianeti region of the Republic of Georgia in the south, where the border is also part of the State border of the Russian Federation.
The small territory of the Republic of Ingushetia, stretched from north to south, is clearly divided into two parts — the flat north and the mountainous south. It’s not just the terrain: these are two different worlds, where antiquity and modernity almost do not intersect.
The historical heart of Ingushetia is the high-mountain south, the pearl of Ingushetia is the protected Jeyrakh district, which is more often called simply «„mountain Ingushetia“». The main attraction of the Republic of Ingushetia is mountainous Ingushetia — an ancient mysterious «„land of towers and legends“», the center of Ingush history, «„a fairy tale in reality“» — on the map it looks like a small strip of land, an unknown world for modern residents of Russia. The Jeyrakh-Assin State Historical, Architectural and Natural Museum-Reserve, established in 1988, is located here, and covers an area of about 600 square kilometers. This territory contains more than two thousand different types and different time monuments of history, archeology and architecture.
The mineral resource base consists of oil, gas, marble and marble-like building materials, dolomites, limestone-shell rock, high-quality brick clays, thermal healing waters and mineral waters of the «„Borjomi“» type, reserves of pure mountain spring water.
Rostov-on-Don and Rostov-on — Don are crossed by the North Caucasus Railway, which has access to Rostov — on-Don and Baku, as well as the Baku-Mineralnye Vody — Rostov-on-Don-Moscow federal Highway and the Georgian Military Road. There is an international airport Magas.
The dominant economic activities of the region are:
The industry is mainly food industry, based on local agricultural resources, as well as mining-based on oil and gas fields in the north of the republic in the Malgobek region. There are enterprises of the electrical and knitting industry.
The leading direction of agriculture is animal husbandry: meat and dairy cattle breeding, sheep breeding, goat breeding. Crop production specializes in the cultivation of grain crops (wheat, buckwheat, etc.), sunflower, vegetables, potatoes.